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 E-numbers (risk foods)

 ID's KEY DESCRIPTIVE LABELS NARRATIVE DESCRIPTION
100 Curcumin Natural food color
101 Lactoflavin Natural food color
101a Riboflavin-5-phosphate Natural food color
102 Tartrazine Synthetic food color
104 Quinoline Yellow Synthetic food color
110 Sunset Yellow FCF, Orange Yellow S Synthetic food color
120 Cochineal, Carminic acid, Carmines Natural food color
122 Carmoisine, Azorubine Synthetic food color
123 Amaranth Synthetic food color
124 Ponceau 4R, Cochineal Red A, Brilliant Scarlet 4R Synthetic food color
127 Erythrosine Synthetic food color
131 Patent Blue V Synthetic food color
132 Indigo carmine, Indigotine Synthetic food color
133 Brilliant Blue FCF Synthetic food color
140 Chlorophylls and Chlorophyllins Natural food color
141 Copper complexes of chlorophylls and chlorophyllins Synthetic food color
142 Greens S Synthetic food color
150,
150a - d
Plain Caramel, caustic sulphite caramel, ammonia caramel, sulphite ammonia caramel Synthetic food color
151 Black PN, Brilliant Black BN Synthetic food color
153 Carbon black, vegetable carbon Synthetic food color
154 Brown FK, Kipper Brown Synthetic food color for kipper
155 Brown HAT, Chocolate brown HT Synthetic food color
160 Carotenoids (a -,b -,g -carotene, annatto, bixin, norbixin, capsanthin, lycopene, b -apo-8‘-carotenal, ethyl ester of b -apo-8‘-carotenic acid) Natural food colors
161 Xanthophylls (flavoxanthin, lutein, cryptoaxanthin, rubixanthin, violaxanthin, rhodoxanthin, canthaxanthin Natural food colors
162 Beetroot Red, Betanin Natural food color
163 Anthocyanins Natural food colors
170 Calcium carbonate Food color for food surfaces
171 Titanium dioxide Food color for food surfaces
172 Iron oxides and hydroxides Food color for food surfaces
173 Aluminium Food color for food surfaces
174 Silver Food color for food surfaces
175 Gold Food color for food surfaces
180 Pigment Rubine, Lithol Rubine BK Synthetic food color for cheese surfaces
200 - 203 Sorbic acid and its sodium, potassium and calcium salts Preservatives
210 - 213 Benzoic acid and its sodium, potassium and calcium salts Preservatives
214 - 219 Ethyl para-hydroxybenzoate, sodium ethyl para-hydroxybenzoate, propyl para-hydroxybenzoate, sodium propyl para-hydroxybenzoate, methyl para-hydroxybenzoate, sodium methyl para-hydroxybenzoate Preservatives
220 - 228 Sulphur dioxide, sodium sulphite, sodium hydrogen sulphite, sodium metabisulphite, potassium sulphite, sodium sulphite, calcium sulphite, calcium hydrogen sulphite, potassium hydrogen sulphite Preservatives
230 Biphenyl, diphenyl Preservative for surface-treatment of citrus fruits
231 – 232 Orthophenyl phenol, sodium orthophenyl phenol Preservatives for surface-treatment of citrus fruits
233 Thiabendazole Preservative
234 Nisin Preservative
235 Natamycin, Pimaracin Preservative for surface-treatment of meat products and cheese
239 Hexamehylene tetramine, Hexamine Preservative for provolone cheese
242 Dimethyl dicarbonate Preservative for drinks
249 – 252 Potassium nitrite, sodium nitrite, sodium nitrate, saltpetre Preservatives
260 Acetic acid Preservative, acidifier
270 Lactic acid Preservative, antioxidant, acidifier
280 – 283 Propionic acid, sodium propionate, calcium propionate, potassium propionate Preservatives
284 Boric acid Preservative, admitted only for caviare
285 Sodium tetraborate Preservative, admitted only for caviare
290 Carbon dioxide Preservative, protective gas, leavening agent
296 Malic acid Acidifier
297 Fumaric acid Acidifier
300 – 302 Ascorbic acid, sodium ascorbate, calcium ascorbate Antioxidants, acidifiers, stabilizers, flour-treating agents
304 Fatty acid esters of ascorbic acid Antioxidants, emulsifiers, stabilizers
306 Tocopherol-rich extract Antioxidants
307 - 309 a-tocopherol, g-tocopherol, d-tocopherol Antioxidants
310 - 312 Propyl gallate, octyl gallate, dodecyl gallate Antioxidants
315 – 316 Erythorbic acid, sodium erythorbate Antioxidants, chelating agents, stabilizers
320 Butylated hydroxyanisole Antioxidant
321 Butylated hydroxytoluene Antioxidant
322 Lecithin Emulsifier
325 – 327 Sodium lactate, potassium lactate, calcium lactate Preservatives, acidity regulators, melting salts, firming agents, flavor enhancers
330 Citric acid Antioxidant, acidifier, chelating agent
331 – 333 Sodium, potassium and calcium citrates Antioxidants, acidifiers, melting salts, chelating agents
334 Tartaric acid Acidifiers, acidity regulators, chelating agents
335 – 337 Sodium and potassium tartrates Acidifiers, leavening agents, stabilizers
338 – 343 Phosphoric acid and its sodium, potassium, magnesium and calcium phosphates Preservatives, acidifiers, acidity regulators, emulsifiers
350 - 352 Sodium, potassium, and calcium malates Acidity regulators
353 Metartartaric acid Acidifier, acidity regulator, stabilizer
354 Calcium tartrate Acidifier, acidity regulator, firming agent
355 Adipic acid Acidifier, acidity regulator, flavor enhancer
363 Succinic acid Acidifier, flavor enhancer
380 Triammonium citrate Acidity regulator, stabilizer
385 Calcium disodium ethylene diamine tetra-acetate Antioxidants, chelating agent, stabilizer
400 – 405 Alginic acid and its sodium, potassium, ammonium and calcium salts, propane-1,2-diol alginate Gelling agent, thickener
406 Agar Gelling agent, thickener
407 Carrageenan Gelling agent, thickener
410 Locust bean gum Gelling agent, thickener
412 Guar gum Gelling agent, thickener
414 Acacia gum Gelling agent, thickener
415 Xanthan gum Carrier, filling agent, stabilizer, thickener
416 Karaya gum Gelling agent, thickener
417 Tara gum Gelling agent, thickener
418 Gellan gum Gelling agent, stabilizer, thickener
420 Sorbitol Carrier, humectant, sweetener
421 Mannitol Carrier, sweetener
422 Glycerol Filling agent, humectant
431 Polyoxyethylene (40) Emulsifier for special wines
432 - 436 Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monolaurate, polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monooleate, polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monopalminate, polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monostearate, polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan tristearate Emulsifieren, foaming agent, chelating agent
440a -b Pectins Gelling agent, stabilizer, thickener
442 Ammonium phosphatides Emulsifieren, stabilizer
444 Sucrose acetate isobutyrate stabilizer
445 Glycerol esters of wood rosins stabilizer
450 – 452 Diphosphates, triphosphates and polyphosphates Preservatives, antioxidants, acidity regulators, anti-caking agents, emulsifiers, melting salte, leavening agents
466 Carboxy methyl cellulose, sodium carboxy methyl cellulose Filling agents, thickeners
461 – 466 Methyl cellulose, ethyl cellulose, hydroxy propyl cellulose, hydroxy propyl methyl cellulose, ethyl methyl cellulose, carboxy methyl cellulose, sodium carboxy methyl cellulose Filling agents, foaming agents, glazing agents, thickeners
470 Sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium salts of fatty acids Emulsifiers, foaming agents
471 Mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids Emulsifiers, foaming agents, fluor-treating agents
472a-f Acetic acid esters, lactic acid esters, citric acid esters, and tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids Emulsifiers, foaming agents, fluor-treating agents, anti-caking agents
473 Sucrose esters of fatty acids Emulsifiers, foaming agents, stabilizers
474 Sucroglycerides Emulsifiers, foaming agents, stabilizers
475 Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids Emulsifiers, stabilizers
476 Polyglycerol polyricinoleate Emulsifier, stabilizer
477 Propane-1,2-diol esters of fatty acids, propylene glycol esters of fatty acids Emulsifiers, stabilizers
479b Thermally oxidized soya bean oil interacted with mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids Emulsifiers, anti-caking agents
481 Sodium stearoyl-2-lactylate Emulsifier, flour-treating agent
482 Calcium stearoyl-2-lactylate Emulsifier, flour-treating agent
483 Stearyl tartrate Emulsifier, flour-treating agent
491 - 495 Sorbitan monostearate, sorbitan tristearate, sorbitan monolaurate, sorbitan monooleate, sorbitan monopalmitate Emul
500 - 503 Sodium, potassium and ammonium carbonates Acidity regulators, anti-caking agents,        leavening agents 
507 Hydrochloric acid Acidity regulator
508 - 511 Potassium chloride, calcium chloride, ammonium chloride/ammonia solution, Mmagnesium chloride Firming agents, flavor enhancers
512 Stannous chloride Antioxidants, acidifier, stabilizer
513 Sulphuric acid Acidity regulators
514 - 523 Sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, copper, and aluminium sulphates Carriers, acidity regulators, firming agents
524 - 528 Sodium, potassium, calcium, ammoniumand magnesium hydroxide Acidity regulators
529 Calcium oxide Acidity regulators
530 Magnesium oxide Acidity regulators, anti-caking agent
535, 536, 538 Sodium, potassium and calcium ferrocyanide Anti-caking agents, stabilizers
541 Sodium aluminium phosphate, acidic Leavening agent
551 Silicon dioxide (Silica) Carrier, Anti-caking agent
552 - 556 Calcium silicate, magnesium silicate, magnesium trisilicate, talc, sodium aluminium silicate, potassium aluminium silicate, calcium aluminium silicate Carriers, anti-caking agents
558 Bentonite Carrier, anti-caking agent, surface-treatment agent
559 Aluminium silicate (kaolin) Carrier, anti-caking agent, surface-treatment agent
570 Stearic acid Anti-caking agent, emulsifier, glazing agent, surface-treatment agent
574 Gluconic acid Acidity regulators, chelating agent, stabilizer, surface-treatment agent
575 Glucone-delta-lactone Acidity regulator, stabilizer
576 - 578 Sodium, potassium and calcium gluconate Acidity regulators, stabilizers
579 Ferrous gluconate Stabilizer
585 Ferrous lactate Stabilizer
620 – 625 Glutamic acid and its sodium, potassium, calcium, ammonium and magnesium salts Flavor enhancers
626 – 629 Guanylic acid and its sodium, potassium and calcium salts Flavor enhancers
630 - 633 Inosinic acid and its sodium, potassium and calcium salts Flavor enhancers
634 - 635 Calcium 5‘-ribonucleotides, disodium 5‘ribonucleotides Flavor enhancers
640 Glycine and ist sodium salt Flavor enhancers
900 Dimethyl polysiloxane Anit-foaming agent
901 Beeswax, white and yellow Anti-caking agent, glazing agent, su  rface-treatment agent
902 Candelilla wax Anti-caking agent, glazing agent, surface-treatment agent
903 Carnauba wax Anti-caking agent, glazing agent, surface-treatment agent
904 Shellac Anti-caking agent, glazing agent, surface-treatment agent
912 Montanic acid esters Surface-treatment agent
914 Oxidized polyethylene wax Preservative, surface-treatment agent
927b Carbamide Stabilizer for gew-gum
938 Argon Protective gas
939 Helium Protective gas
941 Nitrogen Protective gas, propellant
942 Nitrous oxide Propellant
948 Oxygen Propellant
950 Acesulfame K Sweetener
951 Aspartame Sweetener
952 Cyclamic acid and its sodium and calcium salts Sweeteners
953 Isomalt Carrier, sweetener
954 Saccharin and its sodium and calcium salts Sweeteners
957 Thaumatin Flavor enhancer, sweetener
959 Neohesperidine DC Sweetener
965 Maltitol Carrier, sweetener
966 Lactitol Sweetener
967 Xylitol Carrier, sweetener
999 Quillaia extract Foaming agent
1105 Lysozyme Preservative
1200 Polydextrose Carrier, filling agent, humectant
1201 Polyvinylpyrrolidone Carrier, glazing agent
1202 Polyvinylpolypyrrolidone Carrier, glazing agent
1404 Oxidized starch Carrier, thickener
1410 Monostarch phosphate Carrier, thickener
1412 Distarch phosphate Carrier, thickener
1413 Phophated distarch phosphate Carrier, thickener
1414 Acetylated distarch phosphate Carrier, thickener
1420 Acetylated starch, mono starch acetate Carrier, thickener
1422 Acetylated distarch adipate Carrier, thickener
1440 Hydroxy propyl starch Carrier, thickener
1442 Hydroxy propyl distarch phosphate Carrier, thickener
1450 Starch sodium octenyl succinate Carrier, thickener